Belt Filter Press
The Belt Filter Press is a broadly applicable product for dewatering municipal Biosolids and industrial sludges.
What is a Belt Filter Press?
A Belt Filter Press is a Biosolids/sludge dewatering device that applies mechanical pressure to a chemically conditioned slurry, which is sandwiched between two (2) tensioned belts, by passing those belts through a serpentine of decreasing diameter rolls. The machine can actually be divided into three (3) zones: gravity zone, where free draining water is drained by gravity through a porous belt; wedge zone, where the solids are prepared for pressure application; and pressure zone, where medium, then high pressure is applied to the conditioned solids.
Typically, a belt filter press receives a slurry ranging from 1-4% feed solids and produces a final product of 12-35% cake solids. Performance depends on the nature of the solids being processed.
Product Options and Applications
Some Belt Filter Presses are available in a three-belt, a two-belt, and an extended gravity two-belt design. The three-belt press has an independent gravity zone with a more open belt for more rapid drainage of the volume of water. The extended gravity design has a longer gravity drainage zone. Selection of the basic machine is a function of the type of sludge and feed solids.
- Primary & Trickling filter
- Primary & WAS
- Contact Stabilization
- Primary & RBC
- Anaerobically Digested
- Primary & Trickling Filter
- Primary & WAS
- Primary & RBC
- Aerobically Digested
- Oxidation Ditch
- Primary & Activated
- Contact Stabilization
- Primary & RBC
- Potable Water Plant
- Alum Sludge
- Lime Softening Sludge
- River Water Silt
- Food Processing Wastes
- Pulp & Paper Wastes
- Chemical Sludges
- Pharmaceutical Wastes
- Industrial Wastes Processing Sludges
- Petrochemical Wastes
Features to Consider for Better Dewatering
The features that enable a Belt Filter Press to achieve substantially higher production rates and produce high cake solids at discharge are:
- The use of the high rate drainage plow technology in the gravity zone
- A wedge section with an adjustable angle of conversion of the belts
- A large initial drum in the pressure/shear zone
- An extended length pressure/shear zone
- A choice of 2 belt or 3 belt dewatering systems
- A design that allows the 3 belt design to be a combination thickener or dewatering system
- A variable orifice polymer/sludge mixing valve to optimize polymer conditioning
- Larger standard filtration areas for greater process throughput and higher cake consistency
- A patented high rate drainage system that dramatically improves filtration rates
- An easily adjustable, variable wedge compression zone that maximizes process rate and performance
- A high performance, larger to smaller drum pressure profile for higher cake solids concentration
- High quality structural frame materials and components for trouble-free, long lasting operation
The gravity zone should be available in a standard length, extended length, and independent zone designed for normal, poor draining or dilute sludges.
High rate drainage technology developed for enhancing the performance (higher production rates at higher thickened sludge solids) of gravity belt thickeners also has its application in the gravity section of a belt press by creating more residence time in the gravity zone thereby providing for greater drainage capabilities and higher solids concentrations at discharge. Other belt presses having standard plow systems cannot achieve equal production capabilities.
An independent gravity zone has the same capability as a stand-alone gravity belt thickener and, therefore, has application on a dilute sludge where the suspended solids are less than 1.5%. Further, a Belt Filter Press may be designed as a combination thickening unit/dewatering unit. In the thickening mode, a doctor blade is engaged at the discharge roll to remove thickened solids from the gravity belt. In the dewatering mode, the doctor blade is retracted to allow the thickened sludge to enter the wedge zone.
The adjustable wedge provides a gradually applied increasing pressure as the solids approach the first dewatering drum. Pressure is applied by the upper tensioned belt by moving the wedge zones entrance roller thereby reducing or eliminating solids migration beyond the belt edges which can occur on conventional press designs.
The pressure zone should begin with a large diameter self-bailing, perforated dewatering drum designed to remove a high volume of filtrate and prevent "upset" conditions.
Because of its large diameter, large belt wrap and perforated, self-bailing design, the initial drum extracts more water from the sludge at the inlet to the pressure/shear zone than does the conventional press and because of its internal baffle design prevents the rewetting of cake on the bottom half of the roll.
The use of this larger first drum and a succession of decreasing diameter drums gradually increases the pressure profile to a maximum dewatering force. A pressure drum profile up to a maximum of 14 drums provides an extra long pressure/shear zone with more belt area in contact with the dewatering drums and thus provides more time under pressure for more thorough dewatering.
Finally, an extra long pressure/shear section provides more belt area in contact with dewatering drums and thus provides more time under pressure for more thorough dewatering.
Automated Belt Filter Presses
The operation of a Belt Filter Press can be automated by supplying the following options:
Automation options include:
- Startup and Shutdown
- Level Control
- Flow Control
- Polymer Feed Rate
- DCS interfacing
- Diagnostics and Trouble Shooting
Design Features to Demand
- High quality structural frame materials and components for trouble-free, long lasting operation.
- Custom designed and built instrumentation/controls for guaranteed system integrity
- Outstanding operating features and technology advances for higher throughput capacity, lower operating cost, and easier maintenance
- Highly efficient gravity zone with high rate drainage plows that work sludge to promote rapid drainage
- Feed section features flocculation tank and feedbox to uniformly apply sludge across entire width of belt while eliminating uneven distribution
- Rack and pinion tension controls links both ends of take-up roll to assure parallel belt movement and prevent uneven belt tension
- Self-bailing perforated first dewatering drum eliminates rewetting of the cake through removal of water from inside the drum
- Gravity and wedge zone belt support bars are made of abrasion-resistant polyethylene and enhance dewatering by breaking surface tension of liquid
- Heavy-duty 10x frame is 3/8" carbon steel hot dipped galvanized after welding. 304 and 316 stainless steel frames are available
- Patented lifting mechanism in the high rate drainage system facilitates raising and lowering of plows and elements into or out of service
- Built in safety rope surrounds the entire system for emergency shutdown. Additional automatic shutdown controls stop the system for low pneumatic/hydraulic pressure, gross belt misalignment or broken belt, drive failure or low belt wash pressure
- Continuous belt washing is provided by fully enclosed wash stations with high pressure SS spray nozzles, internal cleaning brushes, special seals to eliminate noise and overspray, and access panels for convenient maintenance
- Variable wedge compression zone can be easily adjusted during operation to set a dewatering gap that maximizes material process rate and performance
- Replaceable polypropylene discharge blades extend over entire belt width and are counterweighted. Dry cake discharge is standard with optional discharge for thickened, pumpable sludge
- Heavy duty split pillow block spherical roller bearings are all one size. A highly effective sealing arrangement protects bearings from external contaminants and water
- A choice of 2 or 3 belt dewatering systems with standard, extended, or independent gravity zones for consistently high cake solids in varying sludge conditions
- 2-belt system with standard gravity zone
- 2-belt system with extended gravity zone
- 3-belt system with independent gravity zone
A typical Belt Filter Press system consists of:
- Sludge feed pump
- Polymer mix and feed system
- Polymer/sludge mixing device
- Belt filter press
- Belt washwater booster pump
- Sludge discharge conveyor
- Electrical control panel
Are testing facilities available?
Yes, we maintain a laboratory in Peapack, New Jersey, where 5-gallon representative samples of sludge may be sent to determine expected belt press performance.
Do you supply a polymer feed system with the Kompress?
Yes, we can supply not only a polymer feed system but also discharge cake conveyors and sludge feed pumps to make a complete dewatering system.
Do you provide extended warranties on the Kompress belt filter press?
Yes, warranties up to five years can be provided on the frame, pressure rolls and bearings.
Can the electrical control panel be designed for an Ethernet or Scada System?
Yes, all of our electrical control panels are provided with a PLC. Higher level PLC’s are included when the belt press must be included in an Ethernet or Scada System. Operator interface terminals may also be included in the electrical control panel.
Do you have recommended sizing and system design information?
Yes, a complete design manual, with drawings, is available.